Solutions and Technologies to Insulate Walls, Roofs and Fixtures

When the winter cold breaks down on the houses, the thermal insulation is essential if you want to enjoy a pleasant warmth inside your home without seeing the rise of the costs for heating.

In fact, much of the heat used to heat their homes is likely to be dispersed due to the bad insulation of the walls, the ceiling or the floor of the house.

For this reason it is essential to adequately insulate the most dispersive points, also through substantial works that, besides taking advantage of the current tax deductions, will produce over time a saving in the bill.

How to choose the thermal insulator

The insulating power of thermal insulating materials is linked to the value of the ‘thermal conductivity’ (lambda ‘λ’); The smaller the value of the greater λ will be the insulating power of the material. Consequently, to isolate your house well, it is advisable to choose materials with a low thermal conductivity.

One factor to consider is the thickness of the material; Generally the higher the thickness the better the insulation will be. Today, however, there are materials that can isolate with contained thicknesses.

Another factor to consider is the thermal displacement, in other words the time (in hours) used by the heat to pass through a material and consequently reach the interior of the house.

It is also necessary to evaluate the breathable power of the material, that is the ‘Vapour Diffusion Resistance’ (MI ‘µ’); As for thermal conductivity, the smaller the value, the more the material is breathable. A breathable material improves thermal insulation because it reduces the possibility of condensation.

Lastly, with the same fundamental characteristics, it is advisable to prefer non-toxic, durable (e.g. immune from mould or parasites) and fire-resistant insulants.

There are various types of insulating materials: synthetic insulators (Polyester, Sintered expanded polystyrene (EPS) or extruded, expanded polyurethane, expanded polyethylene, foams, etc.), minerals (glass wool, rock wool, clay Expanded, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, felts, etc.) and vegetable ones (wood fibre, mineralized wood fibre, cellulose fiber, hemp fibre, flax fibre, cork etc).

How to isolate the walls

The most dispersing walls are the perimeter ones bordering the external environment; As a result they will be the first ones to be insulated.

Two methods can be used for the insulation of the walls: external coat (inserting the insulating layer on the external walls of the dwelling) and internal coat (insulating panels inside the apartment).

For those who live in a villa or an independent house, the best way to achieve good insulation is the insertion of an external coat; Its realization could be more complicated in the condominiums, where it serves the authorization of the owners. In these cases, however, the advantages (ecobonuses) are greater, with deductions reaching up to 75%.

In addition, the outer coat, although more expensive than an interior, allows you not to reduce the cubature of the house, do not disturb the owners during the work, and prevent mold and condensation.

If the insulation of the external walls is not possible, an internal coat can be made by applying insulating panels directly on the internal walls, or by creating insulating walls.

How to isolate the ceiling

To improve the insulation in roofs, depending on the circumstances, you can act from inside or outside. Those who live in an independent house or on the top floor of a pluriplane building can apply insulating panels inside the House or act from the outside creating a warm roof or a cold roof (ventilated roof).

Those who live in apartments with high ceilings (dispersing environments) can create false ceilings to reduce the volume of the heated environment and improve in thermal comfort of the entire room or house.

Isolating walls and ceilings: solutions and technologies

Here is an overview of products and technologies on the market for the isolation of their home.

Insulation Systems for Coats

The insertion of an external coat allows to reach the values of thermal transmittance of the extremely low perimeter walls, to eliminate the thermal bridges, to make the best use of the thermal inertia of the masonry and to improve the thermal comfort of the house.

To achieve it you can opt for Knauf thermal coat system, with selected components according to the specific situation.

Another example is Neopor ®-External insulation with coat that gives the vertical closure an optimum insulating power, cancels the thermal bridges in correspondence of the AC carriers and protects the structure reducing the mechanical stresses Due to thermal expanations.

How to Put the Upholstery on Your Own

With the upholstery you can make scenographic the walls of the house, giving to the environment new perspective effects. Here are some indications on how to try yourself in the work.

For those who want to try the DIY upholstery, we recommend first of all to choose a single wall, the one you want to make the focal point of the room (for example the one behind the bed in the room or, in the living, the wall to which the sofa is pulled).

For DIY, better to choose a upholstery in TNT (or with TNT base), because the pose is easier, since you put the glue directly on the wall and not on the paper, and you remove easily leaving a minimal trace.

How to proceed

1. Since the first cloth depends on the final result, to put it perfectly straight, it is advisable to help with a plumb and a ruler, by drawing with a pencil the line indicated by the lead wire on the wall. This line should be followed to spread the first cloth.

2. Cover the radiators so that they do not get dirty and remove the skirtings if possible.

3. Apply glue to the wall. For geometric tapestries in non-woven fabric it is necessary to apply a specific glue (for sale in the DIY shops) to be applied directly on the wall, in portions corresponding to the individual sheets. The glue dries quickly, so it is better to spread a little at a time. Normally it is a powder to be mixed with water. To avoid splashing, you can use a small paint roller. The glue must be applied generously and evenly.

4. Place the folded cloth of wallpaper on your arm and climb on the ladder. Align it with the line created with the lead wire, calculating a surplus of 5 cm towards the ceiling. Place the cloth on the wall and unroll the bent part towards the floor. With a wallpaper brush, flatten the cloth, starting from the center outwards.

5. The cloth should then be pressed onto the wall using a roller. Do not use too much force to prevent the paper from moving or starting to slide. The rollers are in rubber, foam or foaming material. If you are working with particularly delicate surfaces, choose one in foam rubber or foaming material. The purpose is also to get the trapped air out.

If you have put too much glue and leaks, it should be removed immediately. Just absorbent kitchen paper to remove it, then you have to pass a sponge cloth and wipe a dry cloth until each trace of glue will be gone. Be careful not to rub, not to damage the surface of the wallpaper.

If the edges of the paper do not stick well to the wall, add more glue with a thin brush.

Proceed by applying all the sheets, taking care to match the drawings and let them dry.

6. Cut surpluses at the base and at the top. The work will be easier if the plinms have been removed. Use a ruler, spatula, or upholsterer line to press the upper and lower margins and cut the excess paper with a cutter.

Material needed:

  • Glue
  • Lead Wire
  • Brush
  • Brush
  • Ruler
  • Upholsterer Roller
  • Scale
  • Upholstery Brush
  • Cutter

Well to see full screen the effect obtained with the geometric decorum upholstery.

Create The Perfect Work Station

In a world where freelance work is becoming more widespread, often concentrating home and office under the same roof can be convenient and also useful if you manage to organize efficiently. Separating from a job not yet delivered or from the last minute projects may prove difficult, but one thing is certain: the work station should also be beautiful to see, as well as practical and functional.

Work Station at Home

Organization and spaces

The first advice is to separate, as much as possible, the space that will be devoted to work from those that are generally shared by the rest of the family or that make you feel more at home. Making a seat in the living room, for example, could be counterproductive for work due to possible distractions and could limit the space available to other tenants of the house.

In addition, dividing spaces also means diversifying the hours of the day: being in the same place for many hours can be a disadvantage for creativity and achievement of its goals. Changing rooms after hours of concentration passed on a chair for a coffee or a moment’s break will be reinvigorating.

A pleasant working environment

Practicality and functionality are essential. On the other hand a work station must ensure that you have everything under control and you can reach all the objects and accessories you need without effort. Interior designer, architect, creative or simply student, no matter: regardless of the activity that will be carried out, the organization and the order are fundamental! If your desk is the place where you’ll spend most of your time, it’s also important to make this corner clipped inside your home.

Working in a neat and tidy environment will bring benefits to creativity and good humor! Finally, if you are a lover, you will have a new corner of the house to furnish and decorate from the beginning! You can then give vent to your imagination and start designing.

Design a tailored workstation

Based on the activity that takes place and its tastes in terms of style of interiors, colors and furnishings in general, you can design your own workstation to measure. There are now countless proposals for all budgets and styles available on the market, the only fundamental rule is to equip yourself with all the necessary work needed to do your homework to the fullest.

Designing a tailored workstation means customizing it. Thanks to the accessories you can make every corner of the house unique and, why not, make the classic office desk less serious and boring. Furniture and chairs in different styles and sizes complete and enrich the whole.

Back in limited budget and space

Often we would like to recreate and furnish particular corners of the house following the letter inspirations and ideas from the web and from design magazines. Even more often we find ourselves facing the reality of the facts: a limited budget and a small space to adapt to a workstation. Interior designers and creatives, however, do not give in to the first difficulties!

For a limited budget you can use and rearrange furniture already in possession: changing its use and even the color will seem to have just bought a new piece of furniture for the home! Alternatively you can opt for simple furniture and enrich the final result with accessories such as message boards, plants, frames, stationery and much more, especially if with touches of DIY.

To compensate for a limited space, you can choose retractable solutions, such as folding planes and efficient compartments for storing sheets and documents. Folding chairs can then be easily preserved when not needed and if you need space.


To begin to furnish the work station is essential to start from the basics: It is therefore the work plan, which can be realized with a desk with drawers, a table resting on some stands or a high floor for creative and architects. An ergonomic chair is important to not tire back and shoulders, especially for long sessions. To complete the area of the work surface, just add a table lamp, preferably orientable and strong light but direct on the plane, so as to enjoy the maximum brightness while working.

Among the secondary items but important to the organization you can list wall holders and organizer for sheets and invoices, as well as vintage shelves. Finally, to decorate the desk shabby, you can add accessories such as seedlings, frames with phrases and storage for stationery.

What to avoid?

To get the best result from your workstation it is important to know how to exploit natural light. Place your vintage desk so you don’t have the light of a window behind you. In this case the reflections of light could be an obstacle if you use a computer or while writing. Exploiting the external light also allows you to save money in the consumption of electricity.

Also remember to buy furniture in proportion to the space you have to have a homogeneous effect and not to fill the room with furniture of important size or, on the contrary, have unused space but exploitable if you buy furniture from the size Reduced.

Finally, thanks to Accessories that allow you to store and arrange paper work and sheets such as folders and documents, you will avoid clutter on your desk.

With this article I hope to have given you some useful tips to start thinking about the design of your home workplace. You just have to start!